Global and European Facts and Figures

Biomass is a vital component of the renewable energy mix not only in Scotland but across the rest of the EU and globally.

Biomass is the largest source of renewable energy today providing heat, electricity, as well as transport fuels.

Globally biomass use amounts to about one billion tonnes of oil equivalent, a level comparable to the consumption of gas or coal. This makes it the largest renewable source in use worldwide.


Biomass’s contribution to the EU’s 2020 renewables objectives is crucial.

  • By 2020, bioenergy is expected to contribute half of the EU’s renewables target (which is 20% of total energy use).
  • In 2020, biomass (133.7 Mtoe) accounted for 56.8% of all renewable energy consumed, which is 11.4% of the gross final consumption of all energy in Europe.
  • In 2020, 26,3% of the final consumption of bioenergy came from the industrial sector (23.321 Ktoe) with 27% of bioelectricity self-produced by the sector itself (3.783 Ktoe).

Further information on biomass in Europe:

Bioenergy Europe (formerly AEBIOM) has compiled a number of reports from different data sources in order to create a clear picture of the biomass resources available in Europe.